PDA (Pathological Demand Avoidance) is widely understood to be a profile on the autism spectrum. PDA involves the avoidance of everyday demands and the use of ‘social’ strategies as part of this avoidance.
PDA profile features include:
- resisting and avoiding the ordinary demands of life
- using social strategies as part of the avoidance
- appearing ‘socially able’ but this may mask underlying differences/difficulties in social interaction and communication
- experiencing intense emotions and mood swings
- appearing comfortable in role play, pretense and fantasy
- intense focus, often on other people (real or fictional)
- a need for control, often driven by anxiety or an automatic ‘threat response’
- conventional approaches in support, parenting or teaching are ineffective
(credit: PDA Society)
- Being Julia
- PDA – My Daughter is Not Naughty Pathological Demand Avoidance Explained
- Calendar Girl: The memoirs of a PDA child in a dysfunctional family
- The Family Experience of PDA
- Ways to Be Me
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